Segregation Solutions promotes innovative alternatives to the use of segregation in corrections management. Segregation is the separation of an inmate from a correctional facility’s general population. The United States relies extensively on segregation and has so for over 200 years. Nearly one in five inmates spends time in segregation over the course of a year. Corrections officials use segregation for many reasons—including protecting the inmate from himself or others—but officials routinely place inmates in segregation for rules violations that do not involve violence.
The negative effects of segregation can be severe. Segregated inmates are at increased risk for depression, paranoia, psychosis, self-harm, and suicide. Long-term effects can include personality changes, memory problems, confusion, depression, and phobias—all of which can make post-incarceration reintegration into the community more difficult, especially in the case of pre-existing psychiatric disorders or other medical conditions.
Segregation Solutions works with corrections staff and inmates to develop, test, and disseminate promising strategies for creating safer and more rehabilitative corrections environments.