New York City / Tuesday Mar 08,2016
12:15 am - 1:45 am

William A. Fischel: Growth Controls & Housing

NYU Urban Seminar

Vanderbilt Hall
Room 208
40 Washington Square South

Thanks to William A. Fischel for leading this NYU Urban Seminar, titled "Do Growth Controls Cause High Housing Prices, or Vice Versa? A Political-Economic Explanation for Variation in American Zoning Policies." This was based on his paper, "The Rise of the Homevoters: How OPEC and Earth Day Created Growth-Control Zoning that Derailed the Growth Machine".

"In the 1970s, unprecedented peacetime inflation, touched off by the oil cartel OPEC, combined with longstanding federal tax privileges to transform owner-occupied houses into growth stocks. The inability to insure the newfound value of their homes converted homeowners into “homevoters,” whose local political behavior focused on preventing development that might devalue their homes. Homevoters seized on the nascent national environmental movement, epitomized by Earth Day, and modified its agenda to serve local demands, thereby eroding the power of the prodevelopment coalition called the “growth machine.” The post-1970 shift in the American economy from manufacturing employment to knowledge-based services rewarded college graduates and regions that specialized in software and finance. Residents of suburbs in the larger urban areas of the Northeast and West Coast used existing zoning and new environmental leverage to protect their rising home values. The entrenchment of these regulations has slowed the growth of the economy and increased national income inequalities. I argue that the most promising way to stanch this trend is to reduce federal tax subsidies to homeownership."

Please find the Furman Center's write-up of Fischel's seminar here.

The NYU Urban Seminar is co-hosted by the Marron Institute and the Furman Center.

Tile image courtesy of La Citta Vita. 

Speakers

William A.  Fischel
William A. Fischel
Professor of Economics / Dartmouth College

Bill Fischel is the author of Zoning Rules! The Economics of Land Use Regulation, published in 2015 by the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy in Cambridge, Mass. The book combines Fischel’s scholarship, his students’ insights, and his service on the Hanover Zoning Board to explain how zoning works and affects the American economy. Bill has taught economics at Dartmouth College since 1973. He received his PhD from Princeton and his BA from Amherst College. Fischel's scholarship focuses on local government. He is the author of The Economics of  Zoning Laws (Johns Hopkins, 1985), Regulatory Takings (Harvard, 1995), The Homevoter Hypothesis (Harvard, 2001), and Making the Grade: The Economic Evolution of American School Districts (Chicago, 2009).